JADM490 SENIOR PROJECT I
Week 4 Homework
Three of the most pressing issues facing state corrections departments are as follows.
The significant number of elderly patients sentenced to life terms and growing old in prison. The normal aging process brings many medical issues for Americans. Many prisoners are unhealthy before they enter prison and, in growing old, experience illness such as cancer, AIDS, and heart failure, among others. How can prisons best address this population? Should states consider compassionate release for these prisoners regardless of sentence; should state taxes be raised to provide greater access to medical care for these prisoners? What are some of the options that have been adopted in some prisons?
The modification of juvenile codes in many states in the 1990s in response to an increase in juvenile crime resulted in more and more juveniles prosecuted in adult court, sentenced in adult courts, and sent to adult institutions to serve their sentences. The Supreme Court has said that juveniles in adult institutions must be separated from adult inmates. This has resulted in juveniles serving their sentences in de facto solitary confinement. What are the consequences to juveniles who spend significant time in solitary confinement? How can prisons more effectively deal with this vulnerable population?
Federal and state sentencing laws changed in the 1980s to address drug and other nonviolent crimes by mandating long prison terms. As a result, more people enter prisons every year than are released, resulting in overcrowding that has an inmate’s constitutional rights diminished. Additionally, many argue that these sentencing changes resulted in people of color sent to prison in disproportionate numbers. Should sentencing laws be changed? How? Building more prisons is not the answer; no state has monies that can be used to build prisons. How can this issue effectively be addressed?
Your paper will be graded using the rubric below.
Choose one of the three issues above as the basis of your paper. It is not sufficient for you to answer these questions solely based on your opinion. If you believe sentencing laws should be changed, for example, how would that occur? Which government agencies have to make those changes? If you argue that more prisons should be built, how will that occur? Where will the money come from? To fully address these issues, you must consult the relevant literature to understand the challenges, what has already been tried, and what is shown to be the most effective. Although you may discuss your opinion on which options will be the most appropriate, your opinion must be based on the literature.
12-point, Times New Roman font
No website references
Include at least three scholarly references in addition to your textbook
Include in-text references to sources
Use the section headings provided above.